What is Endometriosis and What are the Complications Related to it?

In this article, Dr. Shweta shah one of the top Gynecologist in Malad, Mumbai talks about “What is Endometriosis and what are the complications related to it?”

The gynecologist and obstetrician Dr. Shweta Shah are considered to be one of the best in Malad, Mumbai. She is a highly skilled and knowledgeable doctor who specializes in women’s health. She has extensive knowledge in the fields of obstetrics and gynecology.

What is Endometriosis and What are the Complications Related to it?

She has had significant success treating a large number of female patients with infertility, gynecological disorders, and menopausal issues. She has also given advice to women on how to keep excellent health and stay active while juggling their hectic schedules and other commitments.

Now let’s understand the article that talks about Endometriosis in detail and also what are the complications related to it.

Endometriosis is a painful condition in which tissue that is identical to the tissue that normally lines the interior of your uterus in the endometrium grows outside of your uterus. It affects women of reproductive age.

Endometriosis is a condition that affects the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and the tissue lining the pelvic in the majority of cases. It is possible to find endometrial-like tissue outside of the area where the pelvic organs are positioned on a rare occasion.

It is believed that endometriosis is caused by an endometrial-like tissue that behaves in the same way as endometrial tissue: it thickens, breaks down, and bleeds with each menstrual cycle. However, because this tissue does not have a route to leave your body, it becomes stuck.

When endometriosis affects the ovaries, cysts known as endometriomas can develop in the uterus. As a result of the irritation, the surrounding tissue can get scarred and develop adhesions, which are fibrous bands of fibrous tissue that can cause pelvic tissues and organs to adhere to one another.

Endometriosis can cause discomfort, which can be severe at times, particularly during menstrual cycles. It is also possible to experience problems with fertility. The good news is that there are effective treatments available says Dr. Shweta shah a leading gynecologist in Malad.


According to Dr. Shweta shah, a premium gynecologist from Malad, Pelvic discomfort is the most common symptom of endometriosis, and it is frequently accompanied by menstrual cycles. The majority of women experience cramping throughout their menstrual periods; however, individuals who suffer from endometriosis often report menstrual pain that is far worse than the average. Pain may also get more intense over time.

The following are some of the most common indications and symptoms of endometriosis:

Painful Periods

Pelvic discomfort and cramps may begin many days before and continue for several days after the start of a menstrual period. You may also experience lower back and stomach discomfort.

Discomfort during sexual encounters

Endometriosis patients frequently experience pain during or after sex.

Intense discomfort with bowel motions or urination

When you have a menstrual cycle, you are most likely to experience these signs and symptoms.

Excessive bleeding

In some cases, you might have particularly heavy menstrual periods or bleeding between cycles (intermenstrual bleeding).

Additional signs and symptoms include

  • During your menstrual cycle, you may encounter symptoms such as fatigue, diarrhea, constipation, bloating, and nausea, among others.
  • It is possible that the level of your discomfort is not an accurate measure of the extent of your illness. The symptoms of endometriosis can range from moderate to severe depending on the stage of the disease. Advanced endometriosis might present with little or no discomfort.
  • Other illnesses that can cause pelvic pain, such as pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and ovarian cysts, are occasionally confused for endometriosis.
  • It is sometimes confused with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), which is a disorder that produces bouts of diarrhea, constipation, and abdominal cramps among other symptoms. IBS can occur in conjunction with endometriosis, which might make the diagnosis more difficult.



The most serious effect of endometriosis is decreased fertility. Women who have endometriosis have trouble getting pregnant in around one-third to one-half of their cases.

The process of becoming pregnant begins with the release of eggs from an ovary, passage through the nearby fallopian tube, fertilization by sperm cells, and attachment to the uterine wall, where development begins.

Endometriosis can restrict the fallopian tube, preventing the egg and sperm from combining. However, it appears that the illness can also have an impact on fertility in less obvious ways, by harming the sperm or egg.

Despite this, many women who suffer from mild to moderate endometriosis are nonetheless able to conceive and carry a pregnancy to term. Doctors may encourage women who have endometriosis to have children as soon as possible because the problem may deteriorate over time if they wait.


In women who have endometriosis, the risk of developing ovarian cancer is higher than in the general population. However, the probability of developing ovarian cancer over one’s lifetime is minimal, to begin with.

Some research suggests that endometriosis raises the risk of breast cancer, however, the evidence to support this is conflicting. Another type of cancer, endometriosis-associated adenocarcinoma, can occur later in life in women who have had endometriosis, despite the fact that it is extremely rare notes Dr. Shweta shah one of the best gynecologists.

Factors that increase risk

  • There are a number of variables that increase your chances of having endometriosis, including:
  • Never giving birth to a child
  • Starting your menstruation at a young age
  • Going through menopause at an older age
  • Menstrual periods that are too short
  • Menstrual cycles that persist for more than seven days are considered heavy.
  • Having higher estrogen levels in your body or having a greater lifetime exposure to the estrogen your body produces are both risk factors for breast cancer.
  • Having a low body mass index is a good thing.
  • One or more female relatives (mother, aunt, or sister) who have been diagnosed with endometriosis